Nembutal is the brand name of the potent barbiturate drug known as pentobarbital. Barbiturates were widespread in the first half of the 20th century and considered revolutionary for treating anxiety and sleep disorders. As they gained popularity, physicians at the time saw how addiction was ruining a generation, so less addictive alternatives were sought to replace barbiturates.
While drugs like Nembutal aren’t used to treat common ailments, they are used as a last-resort medication for more severe disorders, such as epilepsy. In some cases, the drug was used in the death penalty because of its ability to cause respiratory arrest.
What is Nembutal?
Nembutal belongs to the barbiturate class of drugs, which are called central nervous system (CNS) depressants. These medications work to suppress excitability in the central nervous system. Alcohol, Z-drugs, and benzodiazepines (benzos) fall under the same category. Nembutal provides similar results you would expect from other depressants by interacting with gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA), causing feelings of euphoria and relaxation.
GABA is a naturally occurring brain chemical that controls excitability in the CNS. If you start to feel excited, energized, or anxious, it is GABA’s responsibility to calm you down. It also plays a crucial role in facilitating sleep. If you struggle with a sleep or anxiety disorder, GABA production could be severely interrupted, causing sleeplessness, panic attacks, or seizures. The purpose of drugs like Nembutal is to bind with GABA receptors and increase their effectiveness. The result is a sedative and hypnotic effect.
Nembutal fell out of medical professionals’ good graces when its adverse effects became public knowledge. This led to the production of benzodiazepines, which at the time were considered less dangerous. In the 1960s, benzo drugs were growing in popularity as a means to treat anxiety and sleep disorders. However, when used for extended periods or abused, it will lead to physical dependence, addiction, and the potential for fatal withdrawals. High doses of benzos may also lead to death.
Fortunately, if you’ve been using Nembutal and fear abrupt cessation could be dangerous, Nembutal addiction can be safely treated in medical detox and a full continuum of care. In severe cases, clinicians may use other depressants to wean you off Nembutal to avoid deadly withdrawal symptoms. Each case will be reviewed on an individual basis.
Signs and Symptoms of Nembutal Addiction
Nembutal addiction will come with specific physical, behavioral, and psychological signs as it progresses in yourself or a loved one. As with many addictive psychoactive substances, the first sign of addiction is a growing tolerance, which can occur in a short period with Nembutal.
Tolerance occurs when the body gradually gets used to an addictive substance and starts to counteract it in its system. You may feel as though your standard dose is getting weaker, but it is your body adjusting to the presence of Nembutal. When you compensate for tolerance by taking higher doses, you increase the odds of developing a chemical dependence, which is the next sign of addiction.
As your central nervous system adapts to Nembutal to the point of relying on it to maintain balanced brain chemistry, you will become chemically dependent. You will notice uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms if you skip a dose, cut back, or stop use altogether. Your symptoms might include paranoia, panic, anxiety, and insomnia.
If you have been dependent for an extended period and stop abruptly, you will increase the chances of severe withdrawal symptoms, which include seizures or delirium tremens (DTs). If you’ve been using Nembutal for an extended period, you must speak to a medical professional before stopping cold turkey.
If you’re concerned about yourself or a loved one becoming dependent on or addicted to Nembutal, there are signs and symptoms you should pay attention to. Addiction is challenging to detect in its earliest stages. However, it will become apparent the longer it continues.
The most common behavioral signs of Nembutal addiction are:
- Hiding drugs
- Isolating yourself from society
- Doctor shopping
- Lying about the amount of drugs used
- Mood swings
- Intoxication similar to alcohol
- Unusual sleep patterns
- Financial issues
- Reckless behavior
- Stealing valuables or asking to borrow money
- Poor judgment
As substance use develops into an addiction and drug use becomes impulsive, you will continue using Nembutal despite the adverse consequences that take place, including DUI (driving under the influence), job loss, or arrest. If you believe you’ve become addicted to Nembutal, there is help available today.
What Is Involved In Nembutal Addiction Treatment?
Addiction is a chronic disease that will continue to progress without adequate treatment. It boasts a high relapse rate comparable to hypertension and asthma, but it can be effectively treated, even if you’ve failed to secure sobriety in the past. Treatment can be effective only if it is tailored to your specific needs and desire to get sober.
Addiction is a combination of various underlying causes related to one’s environment, biology, and development. It may also lead to severe consequences that affect physical and mental health, career, and personal relationships. Someone entering treatment for the first time must have all their issues addressed.
When you first enter into a treatment facility, you will complete a thorough assessment process to pinpoint your unique needs. You will also speak with a therapist to determine your underlying causes of addiction, concerns about treatment, and roadblocks to recovery. During this process, you will create a treatment plan to help you achieve your recovery goals.
The first step to overcome Nembutal addiction is medical detox, which involves around-the-clock medically managed treatment to overcome withdrawal safely. You may be treated with medications to slowly transition from Nembutal into a safer state. The length of detox will depend on the severity of the addiction, but it lasts about five days on average.
Once you complete detox, clinicians will graciously guide you into the appropriate care level for your needs. For those struggling with a severe Nembutal addiction, you will be placed in an inpatient program that provides 24-hour medical care and clinical monitoring. For those with a history of relapse or a poor home environment, this option will be best to overcome some of the most challenging times ahead.
For those requiring a less-intense level of care, they can attend treatment on an outpatient basis. This is an option for a person who might use their schooling or career as a barrier to treatment and serves the same purpose as inpatient care. A client will attend therapy sessions throughout the week and be able to go home once they conclude.
Each cause is unique and will be treated as such, but unless you reach out for help, it is impossible to know what’s right for you. Nembutal addiction is dangerous and must be treated swiftly.